Publications on intergroup dialogue and intergroup relations education

Below, we've gathered publications on intergroup dialogue and intergroup relations education for practitioners, students, and others.

Column 1

Abu-Nimer, M. (2004). Education for Coexistence and Arab-Jewish encounters in Israel: Potential and Challenges. Journal of Social Issues, 60(2), 405-422.

Ahmad, M., Dessel, A., Mishkin, A. Ali, N., Omar, H. (2015). Intergroup Dialogue as a Just Dialogue: Challenging and Preventing Normalization in Campus Dialogues. Digest of Middle East Studies, volume 24-2, 236-259.

Alimo, C., Kelly, R.D., & Clark, C. (2002). Intergroup dialogue program student outcomes and implications for campus racial climate: A case study. Multicultural Education, 10 (1) 49-53.

Anderson , R. & Cissna, K. (2008). Fresh Perspectives in Dialogue Theory. Communication Theory, 18, 1-4.

Bargal, D. & Garvin,C. (2008). Summary and Implications for the  Next Stage: An Epilogue. Small Group Research, 39 (1), 104-110.

Bohm D. (1996). On Dialogue. London: Routledge.

Dessel, A. et al. (2011). A critique of Hodge: Does social work really discriminate against evangelical Christians? Journal of Social Work Education, 47(2), 213-234.

Brief of National Education Association, et. al. (2003). Amici Curiae in Support of Respondents. Grutter v. Bollinger, et al., No. 02-241; Gratz v. Bollinger, et al., No. 02-516.

Brief of the American Psychological Association as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondents.

Buie, S. & Wright, W. (2010). The difficult dialogues initiative at Clark University: A case study. New Directions for Higher Education, 2010: 27–34.

Chang, M. J. (1999). Does racial diversity matter? The educational impact of a racially diverse undergraduate population. Journal of College Student Development, 40, 377-395.

Chang, M. J., Hakuta, K., & Jones, J. (2002). Compelling Interest: Examining the evidence on racial dynamics in colleges and universities. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Chasin, R. et al (1996). From Diatribe to  Dialogue on Divisive Public Issues: Approaches Drawn from Family Therapy. Mediation Quarterly, 13(4), 1-19.

Checkoway, Barry. (2024). Youth Dialogues on Race and Ethnicity: Challenging Segregation and Strengthening Diversity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dessel, A. (2010). Effects of intergroup dialogue: Public school teachers and sexual orientation prejudice. Small Group Research, 41(5), 556-592.

Dessel, A. (2011). Dialogue and social change: An interdisciplinary and transformative history. Smith College Studies in Social Work81 (2-2), 167-183.

Dessel, A., & Ali, N. (in press). Arab/Jewish intergroup dialogue courses: Building communication skills, relationships and social justice. Small Group Research.

Dessel, A., & Ali, N. (2011). The Minds of Peace and intergroup dialogue: Two complementary approaches to peace.  Israel Affairs, 18 (1), 123-139.

Dessel, A., Bolen, R., & Shepardson, T. (2011). Can religion expression and sexual orientation affirmation coexist in social work? A critique of Hodge's theoretical, theological and conceptual frameworks. Journal of Social Work Education, 47 (2), 213-234.

Dessel, A., Bolen, R., & Shepardson, T. (2013). Hopes for intergroup dialogue: Affirmation and allies. Journal of Social Work Education.

Dessel, A. (2011). Moving beyond a systematic review of sexual reorientation therapy. Social Work, 56 (2), 178-180.

Dessel, A. (2008). Intergroup Dialogue. In A. Gitterman and R. Salmon (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Social Work with Groups. Binghamton, NY: Routledge.

Dessel, A. (2009). Prejudice in schools: Promotion of an inclusive culture and climate. Education and Urban Society, 42 (4), 407- 429.

Dessel, A., & Bolen, R. (Eds.). (in press). Conservative Christianity and Sexual Orientation In Social Work: Privilege, Oppression and the Pursuit of Human Rights. CSWE Press.

Dessel, A., & Rogge, M. (2008). Evaluation of intergroup dialogue: A review of the empirical Literature. Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 26 (2), 199-238.

Dessel, A., Rogge, M., & Garlington, S. (2006). Using Intergroup Dialogue to Promote Social Justice and Change. Social Work,  51 (4), 303-315.

Dessel, A., Masse, J., & Walker, L. (2013). Intergroup dialogue pedagogy: Teaching about intersectional and under examined privilege in heterosexual, Christian, and Jewish identities. In Kim Case (Ed.), Deconstructing privilege: Teaching and learning as allies in the classroom. Routledge Press.

Dessel, A., Maxwell, K., Masse, J., & Ramus, E. (2010). Exploring religious differences and building bridges through intergroup dialogue courses. Diversity & Democracy, 13(2), 13-14.

Dessel, A., Woodford, M., & Gutierrez, L. (2012). Social Work Faculty’s Attitudes toward Marginalized Groups: Exploring the Role of Religion.  Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, 31 (3), 244-262.

Dessel, A., Woodford, M. & Warren, N. (2011). Intergroup Dialogue Courses on Sexual Orientation: Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Student Experiences and Outcomes. Journal of Homosexuality58 (8), 1132-1150.

Dessel, A., Woodford, M., Routenberg, R., & Breijak, D. (in press). Heterosexual students’ experiences in sexual orientation intergroup dialogue courses. Journal of Homosexuality, 60.

DeTurk, S. “The Power of Dialogue: Consequences of Intergroup Dialogue and Their Implications for Agency and Alliance Building.” Communication Quarterly, 2006, 54(1), 33-51.

Downing, R., Lubensky, M.E., Sincharoen, S., Gurin, P., Crosby, F.J., Queriolo, S., and Franco, J. (2002). "Affirmative action in higher education." Diversity Factor,10 (2) pp 15-20.

Duncan, G. J. et al (2003). Empathy or antipathy? The consequences of racially and socially diverse peers on attitudes and behaviors.

Ford, K. & Malaney, V.K. (2012). “I now harbor more pride in my race”: The Educational Benefits of Inter- and Intraracial Dialogues on the Experiences of Students of Color and Multiracial Students. Journal of Equity & Excellence in Education, 45(1), 14-35.

Ford, K. (2012). Shifting White ideological scripts: The educational benefits of inter- and intraracial curricular dialogues on the experiences of White college students. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5(3), 133-158.

Geranios, C. (1997). Cognitive, affective and behavioral outcomes of multicultural courses and intergroup dialogues in higher education. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Arizona State University.

Grutter v. Bollinger et al., U.S. 539, 02-241, 02-516 (2003)

Gurin, P. (1999) New research on the benefits of diversity in college and beyond: an empirical analysis. Diversity Digest, Spring, 5.

Gurin, P. (1999, September). The benefits of diversity: a theoretical and empirical analysis. College Board News, 28, 3.

Gurin, P., Dey E.L., Hurtado, S., and Gurin, G. (2002). Diversity and higher education: Theory and impact on educational outcomes. Harvard Educational Review, 72(3), 330-366.

Gurin, P., Dey, E.L., Gurin, G., and Hurtado, S. "How Does Diversity Promote Education?" Western Journal of Black Studies. Vol 27 (1) 20-29

Gurin, P., Gurin, G., Dey, E.L., and Hurtado, S. (2004). Educational benefits of diversity. In Gurin, P., Lehman, J., and Lewis, E. (Eds.). Defending diversity: Michigan's Affirmative Action cases. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Gurin, P., & Nagda, B. A. (in press). Intergroup Dialogue. In J. Banks (Ed.),Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Gurin, P., Nagda, B. A., & Campanella, A. (2010). In D. Featherman, M. Krislov, & M. Hall (Eds.), The Next Twenty-Five Years? Affirmative Action and Higher Education in the United States and South Africa (pp. 208-217). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Gurin, P., Nagda, R., Lopez, G. (2004). The benefits of diversity in education for democratic citizenship. Journal of Social Issues, 60(1), 17-34.

Gurin, P., Nagda, B.A., Zúñiga, X. (forthcoming). Engaging Race and Gender: Intergroup Dialogues in Higher Education.  New York:  Russell Sage Foundation.

Gurin, P., Nagda, B.A., & Sorensen, N. (2011). Intergroup Dialogue: Education for a Broad Conception of Civic Engagement. Liberal Education. Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges and Universities.

Gurin, P., Peng, T., Lopez, G., & Nagda, B.R. (1999). Context, identity, and intergroup relations. In D. Prentice & D. Miller (Eds.). Cultural divides: The social psychology of intergroup contact.

Chloé Gurin-Sands, Patricia Gurin, Biren (Ratnesh) A. Nagda & Shardae Osuna (2012): Fostering a Commitment to Social Action: How Talking, Thinking, and Feeling Make a Difference in Intergroup Dialogue, Equity & Excellence in Education, 45:1, 60-79

Gutierrez, L., Dessel, A., Lewis, E., & Spencer, M. (2012). Principles, Skills and Practice Strategies for Promoting Multicultural Communication and Collaboration. In Weil, M., Reisch, M., & Ohmer, M. The Handbook of Community Practice, 2nd Edition. Sage Publications.

Hicks, S., Rich Kaplowitz, D. (2024). Facilitating Transformational Dialogues: Creating Socially Just Communities. Teachers College Press.

Hurtado, S. (2001). Linking diversity with educational purpose: How the diversity impacts the classroom environment and student development. In G. Orfield (Ed.), Diversity challenged: Legal crisis and new evidence. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Publishing Group.

Hurtado, S., Dey, E.L., Gurin, P. and Gurin, G. (2003). The college environment, diversity, and student learning. In J.S. Smart (Ed.), Higher education: Handbook of theory and research, Vol. 18 (145-189). Amsterdam: Luwer Academic Press.

Kaplowitz, M. D., Rich Kaplowitz, D., & Liu, Y. (2023). Intergroup dialogue success in racially diverse high school classrooms. Multicultural Education Review. 

Kaplowitz, D.R., Lee, J.A., Syka, S.L. (2018, January 22). Looking to near peers to guide student discussions about race. In Phi Delta Kappan: The professional journal for educators. Arlington, VA.

Khuri, M.(2004). Facilitating Arab-Jewish Intergroup Dialogue in the College Setting.Race, Ethnicity and Education, 7(3), 229-250.

Khuri, M.(2004). Working with Emotion in Educational Intergroup Dialogue. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 28, 595-612.

Lefley, H.P. (1985) Impact of cross-cultural training on Black and White mental health professionals. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 9, 305-318.

Lopez, G.E., Gurin, P., & Nagda, B.A. (1998). Education and understanding structural causes for group inequalities. Political Psychology, 19(2), 305-329.

Lopez, G. E. and Zúñiga, X. (2010). Intergroup dialogue and democratic practice in higher education. New Directions for Higher Education, 2010: 35–42.

Maoz, I. (2001). Participation, Control, and Dominance in Communication Between Groups in Conflict: Analysis of Dialogues Between Jews and Palestinians in Israel. Social Justice Research, 14 (2), 189-208.

Maoz, I. (2003). Peace-building with the hawks: attitude change of Jewish-Israeli hawks and doves following dialogue encounters with Palestinians (International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27,  701–714.

Maxwell, K.E., Chesler, M., & Nagda, B.A. (2011). Facilitators' Struggles and Empowered Use of Social Identities in Intergroup Dialogue. In K.E. Maxwell, B.A. Nagda, & M.C. Thompson. Facilitating Intergroup Dialogues: Bridging Differences, Catalyzing Change. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, Inc.

Maxwell, K.E., Fisher, R.A., Thompson, M.C. & Beling, C. (2011). Integrating Cognitive and Affective Learning. In K.E. Maxwell, B.A. Nagda, & M.C. Thompson. Facilitating Intergroup Dialogues: Bridging Differences, Catalyzing Change. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, Inc.

Maxwell, K.E., Nagda, B., & Thompson, M. (Eds.). (2011). Facilitating intergroup dialogues: Bridging differences, catalyzing change. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Meier, E. (2010). "Student and Facilitator Interactions in Intergroup Dialogue." PhD Dissertation. University of Michigan.

Miles, J., & Kivlighan, D. (2008). Team cognition in group interventions: The relation between coleaders' shared mental models and group climate. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 12 (3), 191-209. 

Miller, J., & Donner, S. (2000). More than just talk: The use of racial dialogues to combat racism. Social Work with Groups, 23 (1), 31-53.

Nagda, B. A. & Gurin, P. (in press). How Intergroup Dialogue works: Critical-Dialogic foundations and extensions. In C. Baik & E. Kahu (eds.), Research handbook on the student experience in higher education. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing

Nagda, B. (2006). Breaking barriers, crossing borders, building bridges: Communication processes in intergroup dialogues. Journal of Social Issues, 62 (3), 553-576.

Nagda, B. A. & Gurin, P. (in press). Intergroup contact and social justice. In J. Banks (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Nagda, B.A., Gurin, P., Sorensen, N., Gurin-Sands, C., & Osuna, S. (2009). From separate corners to dialogue and action. Race and Social Problems, 1 (1), 45-55.

Nagda, B.A., Gurin, P., Sorensen, N., & Zúñiga, X. (2009). Evaluating intergroup dialogue: Engaging diversity for personal and social responsibility. Diversity & Democracy, 12 (1), 4-6. Reprint (in press) In D. Sandhu, J, B. Hudson, & M. Taylor-Archer (eds.). Handbook on Diversity in Higher Education. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Nagda, B. A., & Zúñiga, X. (2003). Fostering meaningful racial engagement through intergroup dialogues. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 6(1), 111-128.

Nagda, B. A., Gurin, P., & Lopez, G. E. (2003) Transformative pedagogy for democracy and social justice. Race Ethnicity & Education, 6(2), 165-191.

Nagda, B. A., Kim, C. W. & Truelove, Y. (2004). Learning about difference, learning with others, learning to transgress. Journal of Social Issues, 60(1), 195-214.

Nagda, B.A. & Maxwell, K.E. A Critical-Dialogic Approach to Facilitating Intergroup Dialogues. (2011). In K.E. Maxwell, B.A. Nagda, & M.C. Thompson. Facilitating Intergroup Dialogues: Bridging Differences, Catalyzing Change. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, Inc.

Nagda, B.A., Yeakley, A., Gurin, P. & Sorensen, N. (2012). Intergroup Dialogue: A Critical-Dialogic Model for Conflict Engagement. In L. Tropp (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Intergroup Conflict. Oxford University Press.

Nagda, B.A., Gurin, P., Sorensen, N., and Zúñiga, X. 2009. “Evaluating Intergroup Dialogues: Engaging Diversity for Personal and Social Responsibility.” Diversity & Democracy 12 (1): 3–6. Reprint (in press) In D. Sandhu, J. B. Hudson, & M. Taylor-Archer (Eds.), Handbook on Diversity in Higher Education. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Orfield, G. and Whitla, D. (2001). Diversity and legal education: Student experiences in leading law schools. In Orfield, G. and Kurlaender, M. (Eds.). Diversity challenged: Evidence on the impact of Affirmative Action, Cambridge, MA: Harvard Publishing Group.

Petryk, T. & Thompson, M. (2010). Training model for applying intergroup dialogue techniques in residential education settings. (Unpublished manuscript).

Pettigrew, T. (1998). Intergroup contact theory. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 65-85.

Pettigrew, T., & Tropp, L. (2000). Does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Recent meta-analytic findings. In S. Oskamp. (Ed.). Reducing prejudice and discrimination (pp. 93-114). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Robinson, J.W., Jr., & Preston, J.D. (1976). Equal status contact and modification of racial prejudice: A reexamination of the contact hypothesis. Social Forces, 54, 911-924.

Routenberg, r., & Sclafani, T. (2011, January 12). Facilitating through ‘perfectly logical explanations (PLEs)’ and other challenging participant comments.Voices: Commission for Social Justice Educators’ Quarterly Newsletter, pp. 6.

Routenberg, r., Thompson, E., & Waters, R. (2011). When neutrality is not enough: Wrestling with the challenges of multipartiality. Unpublished manuscript.

Rodenborg, N., & Huynh, N. “On Overcoming Segregation: Social Work and Intergroup Dialogue.” Social Work with Groups, 2006, 29 (1), 27-44.

Sanders, M. R. & Mahalingam, R. (in press). Social dominance orientation and John Henryism at the intersection of race and class. Political Psychology.

Schatz, M., Furman, R., & Jenkins, L. (2003). Space to Grow: Using Dialogue Techniques for Multinational Multicultural Learning. International Social Work, 46, 481-494.

Schoem, D., Hurtado, S., Sevig, T., Chesler, M., Sumida, S.H. (2001). Intergroup dialogue: Democracy at work in theory and practice, In D. Schoem & S. Hurtado (Eds.), Intergroup Dialogue: Deliberative democracy in school, college, community, and workplace (pp. 1-21). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Sorensen, N., Nagda, B., Gurin, P., & Maxwell, K. (2009). Taking a "Hands On" approach to diversity in higher education: A critical-dialogic model for effective intergroup interaction. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 9 (1), 3-35.

Sorensen, N., Nagda, B.A., Gurin, P., & Stephan, W.G. (under review). The road to empathy: An empirical test of a critical-dialogic process model of intergroup communication. Group Processes.

Sorensen, N., Nagda, B.A., Gurin, P., Stephan, W.G., & Gonzales, R. (under review). Empathy in interracial interactions: Not just what we say but how we say it.

Spencer, M., Brown, M., Griffin, S., & Abdullah, S. (2008). Outcome Evaluation of the Intergroup Project. Small Group Research 2008; 39; 82-103.

Stephan, W.G. & Stephan, C.W. (2001). Improving intergroup relations. Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage

Thompson, M.C., Brett, T.G. & Behling, C. (2001) Educating for social justice: The program on intergroup relations, conflict, and community at the University of Michigan. In D. Schoem & S. Hurtado (Eds.), Intergroup dialogue: Deliberative democracy in school, college, community and workplace (pp. 99-114). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan.

Thompson, M.C., Maxwell, K. (2019). Learning Dialogic Skills for Effective Campus Conversations. In P. Magolda, M. Magolda, and R. Carducci (Eds.), Contested Issues in Troubled Times: Student Affairs Dialogues on Equity, Civility, and Safety (Ch. 2). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC.

Vasques-Scalera, C. (1999). Democracy, diversity and dialogue: Education for critical multicultural citizenship. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan.

Walsh, C. (2006). Communities, Race, and Talk: An Analysis of the Occurrence of Civic Intergroup Dialogue Programs. The Journal of Politics, 68, No. 1, pp. 22–33

Waters, R. (2010). Understanding allyhood as a developmental process. About Campus: Enriching the Student Learning Experience, (15)5, 2-8

Werkmeister Rozas, L. (2007). Engaging dialogue in our diverse social work student body: A multilevel theoretical process model. Journal of Social Work Education, 43 (1), 5-29.

Werkmeister-Rozas, L. (2003) The effect of intergroup dialogue on cross-racial friendships and cross-racial interaction in a learning environment. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Smith College School of Social Work.

Wernick, L., Dessel, A., Kulick, A., Graham, L. (in press). LGBTQQ youth creating change: Developing youth allies through creative performance and dialogue. Children and Youth Services Review.

Yeakley, A. (1998). The nature of prejudice change: Positive and negative change processes arising from intergroup contact experiences. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan.

Zúñiga, X., Lopez, G., and Ford, K. (Eds.). (2014). Intergroup Dialogue: Engaging Difference, Social Identities, and Social Justice: Research Perspectives and New Directions. New York, NY: Routledge.

Zúñiga, X., & Nagda, B. A. (1993). Dialogue groups: An innovative approach to multicultural learning. In D. Schoem, L. Frankel, X. Zúñiga, & E. Lewis (Eds.), Multicultural teaching in the university (pp. 233-248). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Zúñiga, X., Nagda, B.A., Chesler, M., and Cytron-Walker, A. (2007). Intergroup Dialogue in Higher Education: Meaningful Learning about Social Justice. ASHE Higher Education Report, 32, 4. 1-128.

Zúñiga, X., & Sevig, T. D. (1997). Bridging the "us/them" divide through intergroup dialogues and peer leadership. Diversity Factor, 6(2), 23-28.

Zúñiga, X., Nagda, B. A., & Sevig, T. D. (2002). Intergroup dialogues: An educational model for cultivating engagement across differences. Equity and Excellence in Education, 35(1),7-17.

Zúñiga, X., Vasques-Scalera, C., Nagda, B. A., & Sevig, T. D. (1996). Dismantling the walls: Peer facilitated inter-race/ethnic dialogues processes and experiences. PCMA Working Paper, No 49, The Program on Conflict Management Alternatives, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.